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Fishing can be one of the most relaxing or frustrating outdoor activities. There's nothing like spending a day on the lake with your rod and reel when you are pulling in fish. (I prefer to catch bass.)
On the other hand, nothing is more frustrating to cast, cast, and re-cast only to reel in an empty lure every time.
It took me a long time to learn that there is an art to fishing. I used to think you could throw any old lure in the water and pull out fish. I didn't think it mattered what I used for lure. I cleaned out my husband's fishing box trying out different lures, from jigs, to spinner bait, to worms.
By the time most of his lures were tangled up somewhere on the bottom of the lake, he thought it was time I learn a little bit about fishing lures, which ones to use and which fish specific lures will catch.
Every lure is created to mimic natural prey of fish. Used correctly, they do just that and lure the fish right to your line. Used incorrectly fishing lure may drive more fish away than it ever catches.
Choose the Right Fishing Lure: Spoon Lure
For catching bass, I first learned to use spoon lure. Spoon lure looks like it sounds. A small silver spoon shape flashes through the water, rattling to attract attention. The hook on spoon lure is practically spring loaded. The benefit of this is that it keeps me from getting hung up vegetation. In my case, specifically lily pads where the bass like to hide.
The spoon lure is also good for catching pike and trout. It's a great freshwater fishing lure in ponds where vegetation or debris on the bottom of the lake is heavy.
Choose the Right Fishing Lure: Jig
To be honest, when I started fishing I didn't know the difference in a jig and a surface lure. Both have one hook and may have small spoons or jiggers attached. The difference is that a jig is weighted and is reeled in while jerking slightly on the rod. This allows the jig to alternately sink and swim attracting the attention of bigger fish. Jig lures are commonly used for saltwater fishing and attract delicious eating fish like flounder, grouper, and snapper.
I saw jig lures used to catch a variety of saltwater fish on a half-day fishing charter in the gulf. I wasn't the one pulling in the most fish, but the jig lure was effective.
Choose the Right Fishing Lure: Surface Lure
Surface lures are another lure that work well in freshwater, although they can also be used in saltwater. In the afternoon. when pan fish and bass are feeding, surface lure works well to draw the fish to the surface.
The biggest challenge with a surface lure is learning to pull it across the water at just the right speed to mimic prey. Surface lure can look like most any insect or critter that skims across the water. Bass are easy to catch on lizards and weighted fish that dip a little as they skim the water.
I've had good luck catching a variety of freshwater fish with bee and spider-like surface lures.
Choose the Right Fishing Lure: Spinner bait
Spinner bait is fun to fish with. It looks a lot like a jig, but isn't weighted and flies across the water, jingling and flashing. Surprisingly, the largest fish I've ever seen caught on spinner bait was a four foot carp. That's a little unusual because carp usually prefer slow, if not immobile, stink bait. Spinner bait is one of the best ways to catch bass, but if you don't have the right touch you may find you attract bass, but can't land them. Experienced fishermen are able to detect the slightest hit from a bass and catch it with one quick jerk of the spinner bait.
Choose the Right Fishing Lure: Artificial worms
As it turns out, even after a lesson in fishing lure, I still continued to lose my husband's lure on the bottom of the lake, or in the trees overhead as I tried to cast. In frustration, he gently guided me back to the old standard, worms. Live red wigglers work great. I can catch bass all day long using them.
When we don't buy live worms, I've learned to experiment with artificial worms. I don't experiment with the method. Artificial worms can be pulled along the surface, or allowed to sink and be jerked up to sink again. I've learned that in order to use artificial worms I often have to experiment with color. Depending on water clarity and other factors fish will strike on certain colors better than others.
My husband keeps a rainbow of artificial worms in his tackle box for me. They are inexpensive, so he doesn't care how many end up on the bottom of the lake, but they are also surprisingly effective for largemouth bass.
There is one particular lake where pumpkin or motor oil colored worms always seem to work. The water there is usually a little muddy. There's a nearby lake where brightly colored worms, like brilliant pink, seem to do the trick.
If after a few casts with a particular color artificial worm I'm not getting any hits, I switch colors. It's like a puzzle figuring out which color worms will lure the fish on any given day, in any given place.
I learned a lot about choosing the right fishing lures, but I have been banned from using any expensive lures, like spoon minnows. Worms work fine for me and staying out of my husband's tackle box has definitely improved our marriage.
When people think of fishing, they often think of worms. Worms make a great bait, but they are gooey and slimy, and some people think they are rather disgusting. What a lot of people don't know is that you don't need to use worms when fishing. There are a several other bait options to consider, some that you would even find in your own kitchen. Choose the following bait types and follow the steps to make your own bait:
For Catching Bream
- Take some cheese and bread and roll them into little balls.Put balls on your hook.
- Attach either chicken liver, hot dogs, raw bacon, or cheese to your hook.For catching catfish smelly foods in a cheese cloth will also attract catfish.
Or take small pieces of food such as chicken,fish or any other left over foods
For Catching Carp
- Attach either bread or corn to your hook.
- Crush cereal flakes and add water and mold into balls. Mold around hook. Works best with wheaties (Wheatie Balls).
- A variation of the above use red soda instead of water.
- Check your local fishing regulations first. In some areas, using corn, bread, or cheese is not allowed!
- Chumming (the practice of dumping mass bait into the water, such as a can of food, in order to attract a mass of fish) may be prohibited.
- If you are really desperate, a little spray of WD40 on the hook works sometimes too.